Econ 479

The Art of Writing, the Science of Economics

Direct and indirect citation

In the syllabus and elsewhere in this blog, I discuss how to cite sources without the use of footnotes. I want to emphasize a distinction here, namely:

When you’re using someone else’s ideas, then use indirect quotation:

    As Franklin Roosevelt suggested, fear is a greater enemy than any economic calamity.

When you’re using another person’s words, then use direct quotation:

    As Franklin Roosevelt said, “the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”

I hope the distinction seems clear to you. If not, please let me know.


Written by gregorymcnamee

September 15, 2010 at 8:26 pm

Posted in Economic writing

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